If you didn’t download the source file for Part I and want to follow along simply download .pat file here. Install the pattern by choosing Edit>Preset Manager from the main menu, choose Patterns from the drop-down-menu and press the Load button on the right hand side of the dialog. Navigate to wherever you saved the downloaded .pat file, select it and press OK to load the pattern into Photoshop.
Now that the pattern is loaded lets go ahead and open a new document in Photoshop (mine is 540x400px at 72ppi). Although the dimensions of your file don’t matter, if you’re using a higher resolution you’ll need to make slight adjustments to the layer styles we apply along the way.
By default the background layer of a new Photoshop document is locked. Double click on the Background layer and rename it to unlock it (I usually just rename it Background again but you can call it Elmo or George if you’d like).
The first item of business is somehow get our pattern onto the stage where we can work with it. You could choose Edit>Fill from the main menu and fill the layer with the pattern, but you’d loose some of the valuable adjustments that are gained by using a Layer Style to add the pattern instead, so we’re going to do it that way instead.
Control-Click (PC: Right-Click) on the Background layer in the Layers palette and choose Blending Options from the menu. Select Pattern Overlay from the list of style options on the left, choose the pattern we loaded into Photoshop in Step 1 (it should be the last pattern in the Pattern Picker).
One look at the stage will tell you that the pattern (at least for this document size) is far too large, and here’s where using a Layer Style comes in handy… Take the Scale slider at the bottom of the Pattern Overlay style options box and slide it down to 50%. Here’s another little tip for you – if the pattern isn’t set on the stage the way you like it, just click and drag it on the stage to a position that’s more pleasing before closing the Layer Styles dialog box. Once it looks the way you want press OK to commit the style.
(*note: I’ve found that the Scale slider in the Pattern Overlay style dialog works best at even divisions of 100%, so 75%, 50%, 25% and 12.5% will yield the clearest and least pixelated results.)
Now we have the pattern added to the background but we don’t have any way to work directly with the pattern itself. To solve this problem we’ll now move the pattern onto it’s own layer. Control-Click (PC: Right-Click) on the layer style icon inside the Background layer and choose Create Layer from the menu. This will take the layer style we just applied and break it into layers that are clipped to the Background layer. In this case it creates a new layer above the Background layer called Background’s Pattern Fill.
We don’t actually want this new layer clipped to the Background layer, so lets release the clipping by Control-Clicking (PC: Right-Click) on the Background’s Pattern Fill layer and choosing Release Clipping Mask.
Now we’ve got our document setup and are ready to start adding the styles that will create the look and feel of our heavy damask fabric. Lets start with adding some color and and texture to the Background layer.
Click on the Background layer in the Layers palette to select it as the working layer. Change the foreground color in the Tools bar to something nice and subtle, anything except purple is fine… by now you know my rule about purple. I chose a nice blue color #30505d. Press Option-Delete (PC: Alt-Backspace) to fill the Background layer with the pretty new color and add the following Pattern Overlay layer style.
The pattern used here is called Gauze
After adding the color and pattern overlay to the Background layer this is what my document looks like so far.
Click on the Background’s Pattern Fill layer in the Layers palette to select it as the working layer and add the following two Layer Styles. By adding a different Pattern Overlay and a slight Bevel and Emboss we can make the pattern look as if it stands off the base fabric and is heavier and darker. These two layer styles are both rather subjective and you can get cool results playing around with the settings, patterns and blend modes of each so don’t be afraid to experiment.
Here are my style settings. Be careful to check each setting and slider as many of them have been adjusted.
Again here is what my document looks like after adding the Pattern Overlay and Bevel and Emboss to the Background’s Pattern Fill layer.
With our texture and color added we can now select an area to define as a repeating pattern just like we did in Part I (Steps 13-14) by setting guides at each edge of the repeating pattern. It helps to really zoom-in on the pattern so that you can see each pixel to make each guide exact.
Using guides to define the pattern make sure that any areas that are excluded on one side of the pattern are included on the opposite side.
Once you think you’ve got your guides in the right place, copy the pattern area, open a new document and using duplicate layers mock-up the pattern to make sure all sides align correctly.
Once you’re sure your guides are in the right place make a selection of the pattern and choose Edit>Define Pattern from the main menu. Your new pattern will now appear in the Pattern Picker ready to use in your next project.
At this point I’d recommend saving your file incase you decided you want to change anything on it later. Simply filling the Background layer with a different color will change the coloring of the entire fabric pattern and you can save that pattern for future use as well.
In the download at the end of the lesson I’ve included a .pat file with the basic pattern as well as a blue and red version for your use. I hope you’ve learned something useful!
Lesson Files + Additional Resources
Download the free .PSD file and other lesson files Right Here.